Pornography and abuse

The resources collected here highlight the abuse that occurs in the porn industry. The abuse may be through such things as violence, rape, coercion, trafficking, etc. Also highlighted is the abuse that can happen when people copy what occurs in porn.

Caution: lots of the resources listed here contain upsetting and graphic content.

refuse to click

*This generation fights sex trafficking more than anyone ever has.

More than anyone ever has, this generation consumes porn.

Fighting human trafficking and then watching porn is like protesting a corrupt politician and then donating to his campaign. …

Each click, each link, each URL visit and play button — this is the currency of porn. … The demand for porn fuels the trafficking industry, and you can take away that demand … by simply refusing to click.

Personal accounts

Δ See ‘Ex Porn Star Stories’ on shelleylubben.com: http://shelleylubben.com/shelleys-articles/category/ex-porn-star-stories Here’s one example, from Jersey Jaxin (‘Former Porn Star Jersey Jaxin Story’ [n.d.]: http://shelleylubben.com/former-porn-star-jersey-jaxin-story):

“I’m just tired of the industry. The way they treat you as though we are just a piece of meat. That we don’t have a mind and our body is everybody’s and we have no soul.” Guys punching you in the face. … You get ripped. Your insides can come out of you. It’s never ending. You’re viewed as an object and not as a human … People don’t care. People do drugs because they can’t deal with the way they are being treated

You can here an interview with Jersey Jaxin here: ‘Why Porn Star Jersey Jaxin Quit Porn (Jersey exposes the harms of the porn industry)‘: http://antipornography.org/Jersey_Jaxin_exposes_porn_harms.html

Δ See the personal accounts on stoptraffickingdemand.com: http://stoptraffickingdemand.com/naideen/

Δ Fight the New Drug, ‘Jessica’s Story: My Life As A Porn Star‘ (5 min. 3. sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=Bk23mL15qpA

Δ Shelley Lubben, ‘Ex Porn Star on Why Porn Damages Lives‘ (4 min. 12 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=bexZHRaKfkg

Δ Shelly Lubben, ‘Ex Porn Star Shelley Lubben Testifies at California State Capitol‘ (9 min. 51 sec. testimony): http://youtu.be/rPGD0kLqJ8c

Δ Rape for Profit, ‘R4P Clip for Rescue Freedom‘ (1 min. clip from Rape for Profit documentary): http://vimeo.com/115765287
(Human trafficking survivor talks about being forced to produce pornography)

Δ AUDIO. Covenant Eyes, ‘Be Aware: Porn Harms – How Is Pornography Linked to Sex Trafficking?‘ (18 min. 48 sec. Covenant Eyes Radio podcast, episode 108; 07/25/11): http://covenanteyes.com/2011/07/25/be-aware-porn-harms-how-is-pornography-linked-to-sex-trafficking

Δ ‘Jacob’s Story‘ (13 min. 52 sec.): http://vimeo.com/31984009
(A mini-documentary about a man that once made his living by trafficking women and children for the purposes of commercial sex.)

Δ K. Beaty and N. Clarke, ‘The Thin Line between Trafficking and Pornography’ (02/11/11) on Her.menutics: http://christianitytoday.com/women/2011/november/thin-line-between-trafficking-and-pornography.html (interview with trafficking survivor Jessica Richardson)

We don’t see the damage that is really happening, that the sex industry really is trafficking, that the vast majority of people that are in the sex industry as a whole are there because they were sexually abused as children, that they didn’t have any other option or choice. […] I didn’t do a lot of pornography, but I did some. The effects of pornography in my life were so damaging.

Δ ‘What’s Porn Got To Do With Sex Trafficking?: A survivor explains‘ (36 min. 6 sec. interview; 26/10/14): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FnPp0DPnb9o

Δ Fight the New Drug, ‘Sex Trafficked Woman Reveals The Dark Reality of Porn‘ (1 min. 52 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=Wv4xVourQ9g

Δ D. Hughes, ‘Porn Harms: An Untreated Pandemic – Women in Porn & Sex Trafficking‘ (8 min.; PornHarms, 2011): http://youtube.com/watch?v=vC0Wld0u2ug

Δ ‘Ex-Porn Star Vanessa Belmond in “Date My Porn Star” Documentary – Exposing Horrific Truth About Porn‘ (5 min. 3 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=9HvC_sEURXA

Δ ‘HIV+ Ex Porn Star Cameron Adams (Bay) 1/2. Exposes Porn Exploitation to Senate & Supports Condom Bill‘ (5 min. 47 sec.; testimony to California Senate): http://youtu.be/_5KBjIHJp50

Δ ‘Ex Porn Star Jessie Rogers Exposes Shocking Abuses of Porn Industry & Tells Her Story. Jessica Mendes‘ (12 min. 8 sec.): http://youtu.be/ymWVWHOgDFM Transcript: http://antipornography.org/ex-porn-star-jessie-rogers-exposes-shocking-abuse.html

Δ Jessica Mendes, ‘My Story of How I Got Into Porn, Why I Left, and Why No One Else Should Ever Do Porn‘ (n.d.): http://antipornography.org/ex-porn-star-Jessie-Rogers.html

Δ Rosie Redstockings, ‘In response to Owen Jones‘ (31/03/15) on Twitlonger.com: http://twitlonger.com/show/n_1slgnjt

I’m 23. Mine is the first generation to be exposed to online porn from a young age. We learnt what sex is from watching strangers on the internet, we don’t know anything else.

Here are some of the things that I have experienced…
– having my head shoved into his crotch, and held down while I sucked him off
– being told that my gag reflex was too strong, couldn’t I work on it?
– bullied into submitting to facials. I didn’t want to. He said (joking?) that he’d ejaculate on my face while I was asleep. He wasn’t joking – I woke up with him [masturbating] over me.
– bullied into trying anal. It hurt so much I begged him to stop. He stopped, then complained that I was being too sensitive and it can’t be *that* bad, he continued to ask for it
– having my hair pulled
– constant requests for threesomes
– constant requests to let him film it

[…] THIS IS NOW NORMAL. Every single straight girl I know has had similar experiences. Every. Single. One. Some have experienced far worse. […] Porn has done this.

Δ AIDS Healthcare Foundation, ‘Condoms in Porn: 557,136 Signatures Submitted for CA “Safer Sex” Act Press Conference (09/14/15)‘ (16 min. 40 sec.): http://youtu.be/Z6sRBmG1EtM (personal accounts start at ~6:30)

Δ AIDS Healthcare Foundation, ‘Condoms in Porn: Three Newly HIV-infected Performers Blast Porn Industry (09/18/2013)‘ (42 min. 51 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=5dG8obwk6Lo

Δ Primetime, ‘Lara Roxx Interview – HIV Porn Scandal on Primetime‘ (6 min. 33 sec.; ABC): http://youtu.be/wpHTNsP7q7A

News reports

Δ ‘Men sentenced for rape and animal porn horror‘ (27/01/05) on expatica.com: http://expatica.com/be/news/local_news/men-sentenced-for-rape-and-animal-porn-horror-16282.html

A Dutch court has imposed sentences ranging from five to 10 years on four people found guilty of kidnapping asylum seekers and forcing them to take part in animal pornography

Δ ‘Boy who raped sister after watching pornography sentenced‘ (03/03/14) on bbc.co.uk: http://bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-lancashire-26418508

Δ U.S. Attorney’s Office, ‘Three More Defendants Sentenced in Sadomashochistic Sex Trafficking Conspiracy‘ (12/09/13) on fbi.gov: http://archives.fbi.gov/archives/kansascity/press-releases/2013/three-more-defendants-sentenced-in-sadomashochistic-sex-trafficking-conspiracy

Δ Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Southern District of Ohio, ‘Local Man Charged with Human Trafficking, Child Pornography‘ (22/12/15) on justice.gov: http://justice.gov/usao-sdoh/pr/local-man-charged-human-trafficking-child-pornography

Videos and documentaries

(Some of the following are repeated from the “personal accounts” section above.)

Δ Shared Hope International, Demand (43 min. documentary): http://vimeo.com/70637039

Δ Stephen Walker, Hardcore (Channel 4 documentary): http://antipornography.org/Hardcore_documentary.html

Δ Fight the New Drug, ‘Jessica’s Story: My Life As A Porn Star‘ (5 min. 3. sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=Bk23mL15qpA

Δ Shelley Lubben, ‘Ex Porn Star on Why Porn Damages Lives‘ (4 min. 12 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=bexZHRaKfkg

Δ Renegade Pictures, Date My Porn Star (Channel 4, 2013): http://channel4.com/programmes/date-my-porn-star or http://youtu.be/THsQc07gY2Q

Δ ‘Shocking Cruelty in Porn Exposed – Ex Porn Star Danny Austin Interview with AntiPornography.org‘ (22 min. 2 sec.; clips from Date My Porn Star documentary, plus interview with someone from the documentary): http://youtu.be/uGo-0nflzlg

Δ Shelly Lubben, ‘Ex Porn Star Shelley Lubben Testifies at California State Capitol‘ (9 min. 51 sec. testimony): http://youtu.be/rPGD0kLqJ8c

Δ Mr J. Medeiros, Constantine (3 min. 36 sec. music video): http://youtube.com/watch?v=qqyLRpGgxRs
(A powerful illustration of the horrors of the pornography trade and the involvement of even the “casual viewer” in these horrors.)

Δ Media Education Foundation, Pornland: How the Porn Industry Has Hijacked Our Sexuality (4 min. 42 sec. documentary trailer): http://vimeo.com/106965612

Δ Rape for Profit, ‘R4P Clip for Rescue Freedom‘ (1 min. clip from Rape for Profit documentary): http://vimeo.com/115765287
(Human trafficking survivor talks about being forced to produce pornography)

Δ R. Gavrieli, ‘Why I stopped watching porn‘ (15 min. 57 sec. TEDxJaffa talk, 2013): http://youtube.com/watch?v=gRJ_QfP2mhU

Δ Frontline, ‘American Porn‘ (52 min. 46 sec. documentary; PBS, 2002): http://pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/showsporn Transcript: http://pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/porn/etc/script.html

Δ ‘Sold Into Porn By My Husband – Naideen’s Hell‘ (13 min. 21 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=UFLGVyE7vnw Transcript: http://stoptraffickingdemand.com/naideen

Δ AUDIO. Covenant Eyes, ‘Be Aware: Porn Harms – How Is Pornography Linked to Sex Trafficking?‘ (18 min. 48 sec. Covenant Eyes Radio podcast, episode 108; 07/25/11): http://covenanteyes.com/2011/07/25/be-aware-porn-harms-how-is-pornography-linked-to-sex-trafficking

Δ Covenant Eyes, ‘How Porn is Connected to Sex Trafficking‘ (7 min. 46 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=o5hcvd3TrHc

Δ Covenant Eyes, ‘Porn and Sex Trafficking: 10 Facts from the Experts‘ (4 min. 56 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=dOLAJw7kVcA

Δ J. Bethke, ‘Porn: Human Trafficking at Your Finger Tips‘ (rescue:freedom international, 2015): http://youtu.be/pIxdnnxqK6o

Δ ‘Jacob’s Story‘ (13 min. 52 sec.): http://vimeo.com/31984009
(A mini-documentary about a man that once made his living by trafficking women and children for the purposes of commercial sex.)

Δ ‘What’s Porn Got To Do With Sex Trafficking?: A survivor explains‘ (36 min. 6 sec. interview; 26/10/14): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FnPp0DPnb9o

Δ Fight the New Drug, ‘Sex Trafficked Woman Reveals The Dark Reality of Porn‘ (1 min. 52 sec.): http://youtube.com/watch?v=Wv4xVourQ9g

Δ D. Hughes, ‘Porn Harms: An Untreated Pandemic – Women in Porn & Sex Trafficking‘ (8 min.; PornHarms, 2011): http://youtube.com/watch?v=vC0Wld0u2ug

Δ R. Brand, ‘50 Shades – Has Porn Ruined My Chance Of A Happy Marriage? Russell Brand The Trews (E261)‘ (20/02/15): http://youtube.com/watch?v=R6GdEnINhtQ

Δ M. Farley, ‘Pornography, Prostitution, and Trafficking: Making the Connections‘ (10 min. 25 sec. talk from “Pornography: a Public Health Crisis” symposium; Center On Sexual Exploitation, 14/06/15): http://vimeo.com/140322370

Articles and papers

Δ Freedom Youth Project Foundation, Inc., ‘Pornography — A Gateway to Human Trafficking‘ (21/07/11): http://freedomyouthproject.org/2011/07/pornography-and-child-sex-trafficking.html

Δ M. Torrey and S. Dubin (eds), ‘Demand Dynamics: The Forces of Demand in Global Sex Trafficking – Conference Report‘ (International Human Rights Law Institute, DePaul University College of Law, 2004): http://lastradainternational.org/lsidocs/514%20demand_dynamics_oct07.pdf

Δ L. Smith and S. Healy Vardaman, ‘The Problem of Demand in Combating Sex Trafficking‘ in Revue internationale de droit pénal 3/2010 (Vol. 81), p. 607-624: http://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-droit-penal-2010-3-page-607.htm

Δ Robin Peake, ‘The link between Pornography and Human Trafficking‘ (29/03/11) on Modern Day Slavery: http://moderndayslaveryblog.wordpress.com/2011/03/29/the-link-between-pornography-and-human-trafficking

Δ ‘Porn Trafficking‘: http://stoptraffickingdemand.com/wp-content/uploads/Handout_PinkCross_Porn_Sex_Trafficking_PC.pdf

Δ ‘Performers are sometimes forced or coerced during the production of mainstream pornography‘ on stoptraffickingdemand.com: http://stoptraffickingdemand.com/trafficking-within-the-industry

Δ ‘Forced sex acts between a trafficked woman or child and a “John” are often filmed and photographed‘ on stoptraffickingdemand.com: http://stoptraffickingdemand.com/forced-acts-recorded

Δ C. MacKinnon, ‘X underrated‘ (20/05/05) in Times Higher Education Supplement no. 1692 (2005): p. 18-9: http://prostitutionresearch.com/CatharineMacKinnon%20X%20underrated.pdf or timeshighereducation.com/features/x-underrated/196151.article

Δ M. Farley, ‘“Renting an Organ for 10 Minutes:” What Tricks Tell Us About Prostitution, Pornography, and Trafficking‘ in Pornography: Driving the Demand in International Sex Trafficking (Los Angeles: Captive Daughters Media, 2007): http://prostitutionresearch.com/FarleyRentinganOrgan11-06.pdf

Δ M. Farley, ‘Prostitution, Trafficking, and Cultural Amnesia: What We Must Not Know in Order To Keep the Business of Sexual Exploitation Running Smoothly‘ in Yale Journal of Law and Feminism Vol. 18, Issue 1, Article 5: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1243&context=yjlf

Δ M. R. Somarriba, ‘Sex, Money, and Slavery‘ (n.d.) on loveandfidelity.org: http://loveandfidelity.org/resources/sex-money-and-slavery

Δ David DiSalvo, ‘Forbes Special Report: The Horrific World of Online Sexual Violence Against Women‘ (11/07/12) on forbes.com: http://forbes.com/sites/daviddisalvo/2012/07/11/special-investigation-the-horrific-world-of-online-sexual-violence-against-women

Δ Tiffany Helfrich, ‘Combating Sexual Trafficking: A Global Issue and its Root Cause‘ (Malibu: Pepperdine University, Graduate School of Education and Psychology, 2011): http://pornharmsresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/PH_Research_Helfrich_SocialCausesTraffickingPaper.pdf

Δ M. R. Somarriba, ‘The porn industry is abusive, and these women are telling it like it is‘ (05/08/15) on verilymag.com: http://verilymag.com/2015/08/porn-industry-playboy-mansion-sex-trafficking-belle-knox-rashida-jones-holly-madison

Δ B. Myers-Powell, ‘A trafficking survivor shares how we can combat modern-day slavery‘ (18/01/16) on verilymag.com: http://verilymag.com/2016/01/human-trafficking-prostitution-modern-day-slavery-martin-luther-king-day

We can stop supporting the ideals of strip clubs and pornography as being acceptable in our culture because it’s inseparable from sex trafficking. I say this from personal experience.

Δ N. Stanley, C. Barter, M. Wood, N. Aghtaie, C. Larkins, A. Lanau, C. Överlien, ‘Pornography, Sexual Coercion and Abuse and Sexting in Young People’s Intimate Relationships: A European Study‘ in Journal of Interpersonal Violence March 2016: http://prostitutionresearch.com/2016/03/10/pornography-sexual-coercion-and-abuse-and-sexting-in-young-peoples-intimate-relationships-a-european-study

Δ D. M. Hughes, ‘The Impact of the Use of New Communications and Information Technologies on Trafficking in Human Beings for Sexual Exploitation: A Study of the Users‘ in Hastings Women’s Law Journal Vol. 13.1, Winter 2002: http://digitalcommons.uri.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=wms_facpubs

Δ C. Foran, ‘It’s a Porn World After All: Commercial concupiscence consumes global culture‘ (12/09/12) on thewalrus.ca: http://thewalrus.ca/2006-03-books

Flickering across a million monitors in a hundred countries at this very moment are … images of women and men most of whom are performing lewd sexual acts before a camera because they are poor, damaged, or have been coerced into doing so. It shouldn’t be so easy to ignore this while pleasing ourselves.

Δ N. J. Bouché, Exploited: Sex Trafficking, Porn Culture, and the Call to a Lifestyle of Justice (Pure Hope Coalition, 2009): http://sfxpccw.org/images/exploited.pdf

Δ C. A. MacKinnon, ‘Pornography as Trafficking’ (University of Michigan Law School, 2005): http://prostitutionresearch.com/MacKinnon%20Pornography%20as%20Trafficking.pdf

Δ L. Gilkerson and R. Dehaas, Stop the Demand: The Role of Porn Sex Trafficking (Owosso: Covenant Eyes, 2014): http://la-archdiocese.org/org/oljp/life/respectlifeweek/Documents/RLW2014/Stop-the-Demand.pd

Δ M. Farley, K. Franzblau and M. A. Kenned, ‘Online Prostitution and Trafficking’ in Albany Law Review Vol. 77.3, 2013/14, p. 101-157: http://pornharmsresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/FarleyFranzblauKennedyOnlineTrafficking-2014.pdf

Δ D. M. Hughes, ‘Sex Trafficking of Women for the Production of Pornography’ (Citizens Against Trafficking, 01/07/10): http://academia.edu/4847671/Sex_Trafficking_of_Women_for_the_Production_of_Pornography

Δ K. Beaty and N. Clarke, ‘The Thin Line between Trafficking and Pornography’ (02/11/11) on Her.menutics: http://christianitytoday.com/women/2011/november/thin-line-between-trafficking-and-pornography.html

Δ R. W. Peters, L. J. Lederer, and S. Kelly, ‘The Slave and the Porn Star: Sexual Trafficking and Pornography’ in Journal of Human Rights and Civil Society Issue 5, Fall 2012, p. 1-21, online: http://protectionproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/TPP-J-HR-Civ-Socy_Vol-5_2012-w-cover.pdf

Δ A. J. Bridges, R. Wosnitzer, E. Scharrer, C. Sun, R. Liberman, ‘Aggression and Sexual Behavior in Best-Selling Pornography Videos: A Content Analysis Update‘ in Violence Against Women Oct. 2010; 16(10), p. 1065-1085: http://academia.edu/14444093/Aggression_and_Sexual_Behavior_in_Best-Selling_Pornography_Videos_A_Content_Analysis_Update

Δ A. Bridges, J. A. Johnson, M. B. Ezzell, ‘Pornography and the Male Sexual Script: An Analysis of Consumption and Sexual Relations‘ in Archives of Sexual Behavior May 2016, Volume 45, Issue 4, p. 983-994: http://academia.edu/14444111/Pornography_and_the_Male_Sexual_Script_An_Analysis_of_Consumption_and_Sexual_Relations

Δ T. Samuels, ‘Africa goes hardcore‘ (30/08/09) on the guardian.com: http://theguardian.com/commentisfree/2009/aug/30/pornography-corporate-responsibility-developing-world

Δ M. Amis, ‘A rough trade‘ (17/03/01) on theguardian.com: http://theguardian.com/books/2001/mar/17/society.martinamis1

I got the **** kicked out of me … I was told before the video — and they said this very proudly, mind you — that in this line most of the girls start crying because they’re hurting so bad … I couldn’t breathe. I was being hit and choked. I was really upset, and they didn’t stop. They kept filming. You can hear me say, ‘Turn the ******* camera off’, and they kept going.

Δ M. Amis, ‘A rough trade (part 2)‘ (17/03/01) on theguardian.com: http://theguardian.com/books/2001/mar/17/society.martinamis

Δ Anon., ‘The Problem with Porn‘ (30/12/14) on aroomofourown.org: http://aroomofourown.org/the-problem-with-porn

Δ C. Redern, ‘Hardcore: Porn is cool, isn’t it? It’s just a little harmless fun, yeah?‘ (16/04/01) on thefword.org.uk: http://thefword.org.uk/2001/04/hardcore

Δ K. Viner, ‘While we were shopping…‘ (05/06/02) on theguardian.com: http://theguardian.com/world/2002/jun/05/gender.katharineviner

Δ T. Sutcliffe, ‘‘Her first orgy? I couldn’t face it’‘ (06/04/01) on independent.co.uk (web archive): http://web.archive.org/web/20090310162435/http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/features/her-first-orgy-i-couldnt-face-it-680502.html

Δ S. Walker, ‘My fears for all Felicities‘ (29/03/01) on thisislondon.co.uk (web archive): http://web.archive.org/web/20100924085646/http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-936830-my-fears-for-all-felicities.do

Δ S. Ditum, ‘Why I changed my mind about porn‘ (01/04/15) on newstatesman.com: http://newstatesman.com/politics/2015/04/why-i-changed-my-mind-about-porn

The pornographic vocabulary of sex as the violent debasement of the female body had seeped out from screens and into the lives of the women I knew. [… Some people recognise]  a link between the propaganda of sexual violence and its practice, and stopping porn is understood to be essential in ending the rapes, killings and torture that men practice against women.

Reports

Δ D. M. Hughes, ‘The Demand for Victims of Sex Trafficking‘ (2005): http://academia.edu/3415676/The_Demand_for_Victims_of_Sex_Trafficking

Δ D. M. Hughes, ‘Best Practices to Address the Demand Side of Sex Trafficking‘ (2004): http://academia.edu/3239513/Best_Practices_to_Address_the_Demand_Side_of_Sex_Trafficking

Δ D. M. Hughes, ‘“Welcome to the Rape Camp”: Sexual Exploitation and the Internet in Cambodia‘ in Journal of Sexual Aggression Vol. 6, Winter 2000: http://academia.edu/3239506/_Welcome_to_the_rape_camp_Sexual_exploitation_and_the_Internet_in_Cambodia

Δ U.S. Department of State, ‘Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000‘ (28/10/00): http://state.gov/j/tip/laws/61124.htm

Many … persons are trafficked into the international sex trade, often by force, fraud, or coercion. The sex industry has rapidly expanded over the past several decades. It involves sexual exploitation of persons, predominantly women and girls, involving activities related to prostitution, pornography, sex tourism, and other commercial sexual services. The low status of women in many parts of the world has contributed to a burgeoning of the trafficking industry.

Δ U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report 2010; relevant section here: http://state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2010/142761.htm

[Some] Nepali women are also forced to work in Nepal’s growing pornography industry

Δ U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report 2008; relevant section here: http://state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2008/105388.htm

Traffickers use debt bondage to exploit women in Japan’s large sex trade, imposing debts of up to $50,000. In addition, trafficked women are subjected to coercive or violent physical and psychological methods to prevent them from seeking assistance or escaping. Traffickers also target Japanese women and girls for exploitation in pornography or prostitution

Δ Shared Hope International, Demand (n.d.): http://sharedhope.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/DEMAND.pdf

Books

Δ Multiple authors, Pornography: Driving the Demand in International Sex Trafficking (Los Angeles: Captive Daughters Media, 2007): https://mediamousearchive.wordpress.com/2008/01/07/pornography-dri

Δ Melissa Farley, Prostitution and Trafficking in Nevada: Making the Connections (San Francisco: Prostitution Research and Education, 2007): http://prostitutionresearch.com/2007/03/17/prostitution-and-trafficking-in-nevada-making-the-connections

Δ N. Belles, In Our Backyard: Human Trafficking in America and What We Can Do to Stop It (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2015): http://bakerpublishinggroup.com/books/in-our-backyard/375830

Δ M. Tankard Reist and A. Bray (eds), Big Porn, Inc.: Exposing the Harms of the Global Porn Industry (Melbourne: Spinifex Press, 2011): http://www.spinifexpress.com.au/Bookstore/book/id=217

Δ M. Tyler, Selling Sex Short: The Pornographic and Sexological Construction of Women’s Sexuality in the West (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011): http://www.cambridgescholars.com/selling-sex-short-15

Δ G. Dines, Pornland: How Porn Has Hijacked Our Sexuality (Boston: Beacon Press, 2011): http://www.beacon.org/Pornland-P765.aspx

credits

Feature image and “Clicking it is supporting the demand” from Fight the New Drug; “Sex trafficking happens in the porn industry” and “Stop supporting the demand” from Stop Trafficking Demand. *Opening quote taken from J. Bethke, ‘Porn: Human Trafficking at Your Finger Tips’ (rescue:freedom international): youtube.com/watch?v=flh8gnC6J1s